The Ultimate Guide to Exploring the Biggest City in the World: Top Attractions and Hidden Gems

The world’s biggest city is a bustling metropolis with a vibrant culture and endless opportunities for exploration.

Current Population of the Biggest City in the World


The biggest city in the world, by population, is Tokyo, Japan. As of 2021, the estimated population of Tokyo is around 37 million people. This makes it not only the largest city in Japan but also one of the most populous cities globally.

Factors Contributing to Tokyo’s Population

Several factors have contributed to Tokyo’s massive population. Firstly, Tokyo is a major economic hub and attracts people from all over Japan and other countries seeking job opportunities and better living standards. Secondly, Tokyo has a robust transportation system that makes commuting around the city easier for its residents. Finally, Tokyo has a diverse culture that appeals to many individuals.

Population Density

Tokyo’s population density is relatively high due to limited space for expansion and high demand for housing close to workplaces. The average population density in central Tokyo is approximately 6,000 people per square kilometer.

Future Population Growth

Despite its already large population size, experts predict that Tokyo’s population will continue to grow steadily over the next few decades. However, this growth may be limited due to an aging population and declining birth rates in Japan.

Establishment and Founders of the Biggest City in the World

Early History

Tokyo was initially a small fishing village called Edo until it became the capital of Japan during the Edo period (1603-1868). During this time, Edo grew into a significant political and cultural center under the Tokugawa shogunate.

Name Change to “Tokyo”

In 1868, following the Meiji Restoration, Edo was renamed “Tokyo,” which means “Eastern Capital” in Japanese. The name change symbolized the city’s transition from a feudal capital to a modern metropolis.


As Tokyo evolved into a major cultural, political, and economic center, it was shaped by several influential figures. These include Emperor Meiji, who oversaw Japan’s rapid modernization during the Meiji era (1868-1912), and architects such as Tatsuno Kingo and Le Corbusier, who designed some of Tokyo’s most iconic buildings.

Modern Developments

Today, Tokyo is known for its cutting-edge technology, innovative architecture, and vibrant culture. It continues to attract people from all over the world with its unique blend of traditional Japanese culture and modern urban living.

Main Industries and Economic Drivers of the Biggest City in the World

Economic Overview

Tokyo is one of the world’s most significant economic powerhouses. It has a diverse economy that is driven by various industries such as finance, technology, entertainment, retail, and tourism.

Finance Industry

The finance industry is one of Tokyo’s main economic drivers. The city is home to some of Japan’s largest banks and financial institutions. The Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) is also located in the city and plays a crucial role in Japan’s economy.

Technology Industry

The technology industry is another significant contributor to Tokyo’s economy. The city has a thriving startup scene that focuses on developing cutting-edge technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, and biotechnology.

Tourism Industry

Tokyo is also a popular tourist destination that attracts millions of visitors annually. Some of its most famous attractions include the Imperial Palace, Tokyo Tower, Shibuya Crossing, and Tsukiji Fish Market.

Retail Industry

The retail industry is another significant contributor to Tokyo’s economy. The city has some of the world’s largest and most luxurious shopping districts, such as Ginza and Omotesando.

Future Economic Growth

Tokyo’s economy is expected to continue growing in the coming years, driven by its innovative industries and diverse workforce.

Evolution of Urban Development and Infrastructure in the Biggest City in the World

Early Infrastructure

Tokyo’s early infrastructure was designed to accommodate its growing population during the Edo period. During this time, canals were built for transportation and irrigation purposes, while roads were constructed for easy access to different parts of the city.

Modern Infrastructure

Today, Tokyo has a modern infrastructure that includes an extensive network of highways, railways, airports, and subways. The city also has a robust public transportation system that makes commuting around the city convenient for its residents.

Urban Planning

Tokyo’s urban planning has been shaped by several influential architects over the years. For example, Tatsuno Kingo designed Tokyo Station in 1914, while Le Corbusier contributed to the design of several buildings in Tokyo during his career.

Sustainability Efforts

In recent years, Tokyo has made significant efforts to become more sustainable. For instance, the city has implemented various eco-friendly initiatives such as green roofs on buildings and solar-powered streetlights.

Future Developments

As Tokyo continues to grow and evolve, it will need to invest in new infrastructure projects that can accommodate its expanding population and support its innovative industries.

Notable Cultural Landmarks and Attractions in the Biggest City in the World

Cultural Landmarks

Tokyo is home to several cultural landmarks that reflect its rich history and traditions. One of the most famous landmarks is the Imperial Palace, which serves as the residence of Japan’s emperor. Other notable cultural landmarks include Sensoji Temple, Meiji Shrine, and Tokyo National Museum.

Modern Attractions

Tokyo also has several modern attractions that showcase its cutting-edge technology and contemporary culture. For instance, Tokyo Skytree is one of the world’s tallest towers and offers stunning views of the city. The Mori Art Museum is another popular attraction that features contemporary art exhibitions.

Entertainment Districts

Tokyo has several entertainment districts that offer a unique nightlife experience. Shibuya Crossing is one of the busiest intersections in the world and is known for its vibrant atmosphere. Shinjuku is another popular district that features numerous bars, restaurants, and nightclubs.

Shopping Districts

Tokyo has some of the world’s largest and most luxurious shopping districts. Ginza is known for its high-end fashion boutiques and department stores, while Harajuku features trendy fashion boutiques and quirky streetwear shops.

Cultural Festivals

Tokyo hosts several cultural festivals throughout the year that celebrate its diverse traditions and customs. Some of these festivals include the Cherry Blossom Festival (Sakura Matsuri), which takes place in spring when cherry blossoms bloom across the city, and Shichi-Go-San, a festival celebrating children’s growth held annually on November 15th.

In conclusion, the biggest city in the world is a constantly changing title with various cities vying for the top spot. However, regardless of which city holds this distinction, it is clear that urbanization and population growth continue to shape our world.

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