Indulge in Deliciousness with Our Ultimate Cake Recipe from Scratch – Perfect for Any Occasion!

Learn how to make a delicious cake from scratch with this simple recipe. Perfect for any occasion, this cake is sure to impress your friends and family.

Basic Ingredients Needed for a Cake Recipe from Scratch

Dry Ingredients

The dry ingredients are the foundation of any cake recipe. They include flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt. Flour is the base ingredient that gives structure to the cake. Sugar adds sweetness and helps to caramelize and brown the cake while baking. Baking powder is a leavening agent that helps the cake to rise. Salt enhances the flavor of all other ingredients.

List of Dry Ingredients:

  • All-purpose flour
  • Baking powder
  • Salt
  • Sugar (granulated or caster)

Wet Ingredients

The wet ingredients in a cake recipe provide moisture and help to bind everything together. The most common wet ingredients used in cakes are eggs, milk, butter/oil, and vanilla extract. Eggs add richness and help with leavening as well as binding everything together. Milk provides moisture and helps to create a tender crumb. Butter/oil adds richness and moistness to the cake while also helping it keep its shape when baked.

List of Wet Ingredients:

  • Eggs (large)
  • Milk (whole or buttermilk)
  • Butter/Oil (unsalted butter or vegetable oil)
  • Vanilla extract (pure vanilla extract)

Properly Mixing Dry Ingredients for a Cake Recipe

Sifting Flour

Sifting flour is an essential step in preparing dry ingredients for a cake recipe because it removes lumps and aerates the flour which makes it easier to mix with other dry ingredients. To sift flour, measure the required amount of flour into a sifter or strainer and gently tap it to sift the flour into a bowl.

Whisking Dry Ingredients

After sifting, whisking the dry ingredients together is necessary to ensure that they are evenly distributed throughout the cake batter. Whisking also helps to break up any remaining lumps and aerates the mixture, which creates a lighter cake. To whisk dry ingredients, use a wire whisk or fork and stir until everything is well combined.

Best Way to Incorporate Wet Ingredients into a Cake Batter

Mixing Eggs

When incorporating eggs into a cake batter, it’s essential to mix them well before adding them to the dry ingredients. This step ensures that the eggs are evenly distributed throughout the batter. To mix eggs, crack them into a separate bowl and beat them with a fork or whisk until they are fully blended.

Addition of Liquid Ingredients

Once you’ve mixed your eggs thoroughly, add in your liquid ingredients such as milk and vanilla extract. It’s crucial not to overmix at this stage as it can cause gluten formation which can result in tough cakes. Use a spatula or wooden spoon to fold in these wet ingredients gently.

Baking Time and Temperature for a Perfect Cake

The baking time and temperature for cakes vary depending on factors like altitude, oven temperature accuracy, pan size, etc. However, some general guidelines can be followed when baking cakes from scratch.

Baking Temperature

The ideal baking temperature for most cakes is 350°F (175°C). This temperature allows the cake to bake evenly without overbrowning on top.

Baking Time

Baking times vary depending on factors like altitude and pan size but usually range between 30-40 minutes. Use a toothpick to check if the cake is done. Insert it into the center of the cake, and if it comes out clean, your cake is ready.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Making a Cake from Scratch


Overmixing the batter can result in tough cakes. Mix only until all ingredients are well combined.

Not Preheating Your Oven

Preheating the oven is crucial for even baking. Always preheat your oven before putting in your cake.

Opening The Oven Door Too Often

Opening the oven door too often can cause temperature fluctuations and affect how evenly your cake bakes.

Tips to Determine if Your Cake is Done Baking

The Toothpick Test

The toothpick test is a common method used to determine if a cake is done baking. Insert a toothpick in the center of the cake, and if it comes out clean, your cake is ready.

Gently Pressing on The Cake Surface

Another way to tell if your cake is done baking is by gently pressing on its surface with your finger. If it springs back up, it’s done baking.

Popular Frosting Options to Pair with Homemade Cakes

Buttercream Frosting

Buttercream frosting is one of the most popular frosting options for homemade cakes. It’s made by combining butter, powdered sugar, vanilla extract, and milk or cream. Buttercream frosting has a creamy texture and can be flavored with various extracts or food coloring.

List of Popular Buttercream Flavors:

  • Vanilla buttercream
  • Chocolate buttercream
  • Strawberry buttercream
  • Mint buttercream

Cream Cheese Frosting

Cream cheese frosting is another popular option for homemade cakes. It’s made by combining cream cheese, powdered sugar, butter, and vanilla extract. Cream cheese frosting has a tangy flavor that pairs well with fruit-flavored cakes.

List of Popular Cream Cheese Frostings:

  • Classic cream cheese frosting
  • Lemon cream cheese frosting
  • Pumpkin spice cream cheese frosting
  • Maple cream cheese frosting

Modifying Basic Cake Recipes Without Affecting the Final Outcome

Swapping Flours

You can swap all-purpose flour for other flours like cake flour or self-raising flour without affecting the final outcome of your cake recipe. However, it’s essential to note that different flours have varying protein levels which can affect the texture of your cake.

Substituting Fats and Oils

You can substitute fats and oils in cake recipes without affecting the final outcome. For example, you can swap vegetable oil for melted butter or vice versa. However, note that each fat/oil has its unique flavor profile which may affect the taste of your cake.

Adding Mix-ins and Flavorings

You can add mix-ins like chocolate chips or nuts to your basic cake recipe without affecting its final outcome. You can also add flavorings like extracts or spices to enhance the taste of your cake.

In conclusion, baking a cake from scratch is not only a fun and rewarding experience but also allows you to customize the recipe to your liking. With just a few simple ingredients and some basic baking skills, anyone can create a delicious homemade cake that will impress family and friends.


What are the 5 main ingredients in cake?

Flour, sugar, eggs, fat, and leavening are the key ingredients used in baking almost all types of cakes, along with other ingredients such as chocolate, almonds, glazed or canned fruit that are found in many recipes.

What is a luxury cake?

Luxury cake makers typically use high-quality ingredients such as organic or locally sourced butter, homemade or premium jams, and fine chocolates, although different cake makers may have their own unique approaches.

Why are bakery cake so fluffy?

Creaming butter and sugar together is the starting point for most cake recipes. The air trapped in the butter during the creaming process expands while baking, resulting in a light and fluffy cake.

Why is my cake dry?

A cake can become dry due to a few common mistakes, such as using the wrong ingredients, mixing errors, or baking it for too long or at too high a temperature. By learning to avoid these mistakes, you can ensure that your cake will always turn out moist and delicious.

Does milk make cake fluffy?

When used in cake recipes, milk can improve the texture by making it lighter and stronger due to the presence of protein and lactic acid. It also prevents the cake from becoming too dense when added in the right amount. Additionally, milk, along with other liquids, activates leavening agents such as baking soda and baking powder in the batter.

How many eggs for 3 cups of flour?

The 1-2-3-4 cake is similar to pound cake in that its ingredients are based on specific proportions. The key ingredients are one cup of butter, two cups of sugar, three cups of flour, and four eggs.

This article provides a basic overview of the dry and wet ingredients needed for a cake recipe from scratch. The dry ingredients include flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt while the wet ingredients include eggs, milk, butter/oil, and vanilla extract. Properly mixing the dry ingredients involves sifting the flour to remove lumps and whisking them together to ensure even distribution throughout the batter.

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