The original 7 wonders of the world are a collection of ancient architectural and artistic marvels that have captivated people for centuries. These magnificent structures were built by some of the most skilled craftsmen and engineers of their time, and continue to inspire awe and wonder in visitors from all over the world.
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The Original 7 Wonders of the World and When They Were Built
The original 7 wonders of the world were a collection of remarkable structures built by ancient civilizations. These structures were considered to be the most impressive and awe-inspiring creations of their time, showcasing the ingenuity and skill of their builders. The list was compiled in the 2nd century BC by Antipater of Sidon, a Greek poet, and included:
1. The Great Pyramid of Giza (Egypt)
2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon (Iraq)
3. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (Turkey)
4. Statue of Zeus at Olympia (Greece)
5. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (Turkey)
6. Colossus of Rhodes (Greece)
7. Lighthouse at Alexandria (Egypt)
All seven wonders were constructed between the 27th century BC and 280 BC.
The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid is the oldest and largest pyramid in Egypt’s Giza complex, built around 2560 BC as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu. It stands over 146 meters tall and was constructed using over two million limestone blocks.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens were said to have been built in Babylon during the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II in the early 6th century BC. However, there is no archaeological evidence to support this claim, leading some historians to believe that they may have been a myth.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The Temple was dedicated to Artemis, goddess of hunting and fertility, and was located in present-day Turkey. It was destroyed several times throughout its history but was eventually rebuilt each time until it was finally destroyed by invading Goths in AD 262.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The Statue of Zeus was a massive statue of the Greek god Zeus, constructed in Olympia, Greece. It was built around 435 BC and stood over 12 meters tall. The statue was destroyed during the 5th century AD, likely due to earthquakes or fires.
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The Mausoleum was a tomb for Mausolus, the ruler of Caria in present-day Turkey. It was built around 353 BC and stood over 45 meters tall. The structure was destroyed by an earthquake in the 15th century AD.
Colossus of Rhodes
The Colossus was a bronze statue of the Greek god Helios, standing over 33 meters tall on the island of Rhodes in Greece. It was constructed around 280 BC but collapsed during an earthquake in 226 BC.
Lighthouse at Alexandria
The Lighthouse was built on the island of Pharos in Alexandria, Egypt, around 280 BC. It stood over 100 meters tall and guided ships into the harbor with its bright light. The lighthouse was destroyed by several earthquakes between AD 956 and AD 1323.
Who Commissioned the Construction of the Original 7 Wonders of the World?
The original seven wonders were commissioned by various rulers and leaders throughout history who wanted to showcase their power and wealth through impressive architectural feats.
1. The Great Pyramid of Giza – commissioned by Pharaoh Khufu
2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon – commissioned by King Nebuchadnezzar II
3. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus – commissioned by King Croesus
4. Statue of Zeus at Olympia – commissioned by Eleans (a group from Olympia)
5. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus – commissioned by Artemisia II of Caria (Mausolus’ wife)
6. Colossus of Rhodes – commissioned by the people of Rhodes
7. Lighthouse at Alexandria – commissioned by Ptolemy I Soter
These rulers and leaders believed that constructing these wonders would not only showcase their wealth and power but also bring prestige to their cities and civilizations.
How Ancient Civilizations Constructed Wonders Without Modern Technology
The construction of the original seven wonders was a remarkable feat, considering that they were built without modern technology. Ancient civilizations used a variety of techniques and tools to construct these structures, including:
1. The use of ramps to move heavy materials
2. The use of levers to lift heavy objects
3. The use of pulleys to hoist materials into place
4. The use of simple machines like wedges, screws, and inclined planes
5. Skilled craftsmanship in stone carving and shaping
Additionally, ancient cultures often relied on the labor of thousands of workers who worked tirelessly for years or even decades to complete these monumental structures.
Why These Structures Were Chosen to be Part of the Original 7 Wonders of the World
The original seven wonders were chosen based on their size, complexity, and beauty. They were considered to be the most impressive structures in the world at the time they were constructed and served as symbols of their civilization’s power and wealth.
Additionally, many of these structures had cultural or religious significance, such as the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus or the Statue of Zeus at Olympia. They represented important aspects of ancient culture and society.
When Each of the Original 7 Wonders Fell into Disrepair or Became Destroyed, and What Caused Their Downfall
Each wonder fell into disrepair or became destroyed at different times throughout history. The causes of their downfall varied, but some of the most common reasons were:
1. Natural disasters like earthquakes or fires
2. Wars and invasions by foreign armies
3. Neglect or lack of maintenance
Here is a timeline of when each wonder fell into disrepair or became destroyed:
1. The Great Pyramid of Giza – Still standing today, although some damage has occurred due to looting and natural erosion.
2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon – Likely destroyed by an earthquake in the 2nd century BC.
3. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus – Destroyed by invading Goths in AD 262.
4. Statue of Zeus at Olympia – Destroyed during the 5th century AD, likely due to earthquakes or fires.
5. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus – Destroyed by an earthquake in the 15th century AD.
6. Colossus of Rhodes – Collapsed during an earthquake in 226 BC.
7. Lighthouse at Alexandria – Destroyed by several earthquakes between AD 956 and AD 1323.
Are Any of the Original 7 Wonders Still Standing Today, and If So, How Have They Been Preserved?
Only one wonder from the original seven wonders still stands today: The Great Pyramid of Giza. It has been preserved through various restoration efforts over the years and is now a popular tourist attraction.
The other six wonders have either been destroyed or fallen into disrepair over time, leaving only ruins or fragments behind.
However, there have been efforts to create new lists of wonders that showcase modern architectural feats around the world, such as the New Seven Wonders of the World list created in 2007 through a global poll.
In conclusion, the original 7 wonders of the world continue to captivate and inspire people around the globe, serving as a testament to human ingenuity, creativity, and perseverance. While many of these wonders have been lost to time and natural disasters, their legacy lives on through historical accounts, archaeological discoveries, and modern-day replicas. As we marvel at these ancient marvels, we are reminded of our shared humanity and the limitless potential of human achievement.
The original 7 wonders of the world were a list of remarkable structures compiled by Antipater of Sidon in the 2nd century BC. The list included the Great Pyramid of Giza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Colossus of Rhodes, and Lighthouse at Alexandria. All seven wonders were constructed between the 27th century BC and 280 BC. This article provides brief descriptions and histories for each structure.