The seven wonders of the world are a collection of impressive architectural and engineering marvels that have captivated people’s imaginations for centuries. These magnificent structures have stood the test of time and continue to inspire awe in all who behold them. From the Great Pyramid of Giza to the Colosseum in Rome, each wonder is a testament to human ingenuity and creativity. Let’s explore these remarkable feats of human achievement together.
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The Origin of the Concept of the Seven Wonders of the World
The concept of the Seven Wonders of the World dates back to ancient times when Greek travelers would compile lists of notable sites and landmarks they encountered during their journeys. The first known list was created by Antipater of Sidon, a Greek poet, in 140 BC. His list included six wonders, which were all located in or near Greece. These included the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, and the Colossus of Rhodes.
Later on, Philo of Byzantium added a seventh wonder to this list – The Lighthouse at Alexandria. Over time these seven wonders became well-known throughout the world and were considered to be some of the greatest feats of human achievement. Unfortunately, only one wonder from Antipater’s original list still exists today – The Great Pyramid. All other wonders have been destroyed or lost to history.
- The term “wonder” comes from “thaumata,” meaning something that inspires awe or admiration.
The Selection Process and Choosers of the Original Seven Wonders of the World
It is believed that Antipater’s selection process for choosing his original seven wonders was based on several criteria including size, beauty, and cultural significance. However, it is unclear how he arrived at his final choices.
Many historians believe that these seven wonders were chosen because they represented important cultural achievements in ancient Greece. For example, The Temple of Artemis was considered one of the greatest temples in ancient Greece and was dedicated to Artemis – goddesses associated with hunting, wilderness, and childbirth. The Lighthouse of Alexandria was also an important cultural achievement as it helped guide ships safely into the harbor.
- The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which were included on Antipater’s original list, may have never actually existed. There is little evidence to support their existence and many historians believe they were a legend or myth created by ancient writers.
New Wonders Added to the List in Recent Times and Their Significance
In 2007, a new initiative called New Seven Wonders was launched with the goal of selecting seven new wonders of the world. This initiative was led by Swiss adventurer Bernard Weber and involved a global voting process that lasted several years.
The seven new wonders that were selected include The Great Wall of China, Petra in Jordan, Christ the Redeemer statue in Brazil, Machu Picchu in Peru, Chichen Itza pyramid in Mexico, The Colosseum in Rome, and Taj Mahal in India. These new wonders were chosen based on their cultural significance and importance to human history.
- The Great Wall of China is the longest wall in the world – stretching over 13,000 miles!
Significance and Exceptional Feats of Human Achievement of Each Wonder
Each wonder on both lists represents an exceptional feat of human achievement. For example:
The Great Pyramid of Giza:
- Built over 4,500 years ago using over 2 million limestone blocks.
- Considered one of the greatest architectural achievements in human history.
- Built in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as a mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
- Considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and a symbol of love.
- An ancient Incan city located high in the Andes Mountains of Peru.
- Believed to have been built in the 15th century and abandoned during the Spanish conquest of South America.
Current Status and Preservation Efforts for All Seven Wonders
The current status of each wonder varies greatly. Some, like The Great Pyramid, are still standing and can be visited by tourists. Others, like The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, have been lost to history and their existence is disputed.
Efforts are being made to preserve these wonders for future generations. For example, The Great Wall of China has undergone extensive restoration efforts in recent years to prevent further erosion and damage. Similarly, Machu Picchu has implemented strict visitor regulations to prevent overcrowding and damage to the site.
- The Colosseum in Rome was used for gladiator fights and other public spectacles for over 400 years before falling into disrepair.
In conclusion, the seven wonders of the world are a testament to human creativity and engineering ingenuity, showcasing some of the most remarkable achievements in architecture, art, and design from ancient civilizations to modern times.
What is the official 7 wonders of the world?
The Seven Wonders of the World consist of significant locations located across the world. These places include The Colosseum in Italy, Petra in Jordan, Chichén Itzá in Mexico, Christ the Redeemer in Brazil, Machu Picchu in Peru, Taj Mahal in India and The Great Wall of China.
Which of the 7 Wonders still exist?
The Great Pyramid, the only remaining Wonder of the World, held the title of the tallest human-made structure for almost 4,000 years.
Where is the new 7 Wonders of the World?
The Giza Pyramids in Egypt, the Great Wall of China, Petra in Jordan, and the Colosseum in Rome are all notable historical sites that have won awards for their wonder and location. The Giza Pyramids have honorary status, and they were constructed in 2560 BC. The Great Wall of China was built in 700 BC, and Petra was established in 312 BC. Finally, the Colosseum in Rome received its award in AD 80.
Is Angkor Wat 7 Wonders of the World?
Angkor Wat, situated in the center of the Angkor Archaeological Park spanning 400 square kilometers, represents Cambodia.
What are the original 7 Wonders of the World in order?
The Colossus of Rhodes, Great Pyramid of Giza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, and Lighthouse of Alexandria are all ancient wonders.
What is the real 8th Wonder of the World?
Sigiriya, one of Sri Lanka’s eight World Heritage Sites, is famous for its pre-Christian frescoes from the 5th century. UNESCO has recognized it as the 8th Wonder of the World.