Discover the Largest Country in the World: A Comprehensive Guide to Geography and Culture

The biggest country in the world is a topic of great interest for many people. With its vast territory and diverse geography, this country has a lot to offer in terms of culture, history, and natural resources. In this article, we will explore the answer to the question “what is the biggest country in the world?” and delve into some fascinating facts about this massive landmass.

What is the name of the biggest country in the world?

Russia is the largest country in the world, covering an area of 17.1 million square kilometers. It spans across two continents, Europe and Asia, and has a population of over 144 million people. Russia borders Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, North Korea and Mongolia.


The history of Russia dates back to ancient times when Slavic tribes settled in Eastern Europe. In 862 AD Rurik became the first ruler of Kievan Rus’, which was a loose federation of East Slavic tribes. The Mongol invasion in 1237 devastated much of Kievan Rus’ and led to the emergence of Moscow as a dominant power center. In 1547 Ivan IV (the Terrible) was crowned Tsar and expanded Russian territory through conquests and colonization. Peter I (Peter the Great) modernized Russia in the early eighteenth century by introducing western European ideas and technology.


Russia has a mixed economy with both state-owned enterprises and privately owned businesses thriving within its borders. The country is rich in natural resources such as oil, gas and minerals which make up a significant portion of its GDP. Other important industries include agriculture (wheat production), manufacturing (machinery), transportation (railways) and tourism.

How did this country become the largest in terms of land area?

Russia’s vast size can be attributed to its history of expansionism through conquests and colonization. During its imperialist era from the late seventeenth century until after World War I it expanded into Central Asia along with parts of Eastern Europe through military campaigns or treaties with other nations.


In addition to military conquests, Russia also expanded through colonization. In the 16th century, Russian explorers began to venture eastward across Siberia in search of furs and other resources. This led to the establishment of trading posts and eventually the colonization of Siberia.

Acquisition of Alaska

In 1867, Russia sold Alaska to the United States for $7.2 million due to financial difficulties after the Crimean War. The sale was criticized at the time but it allowed Russia to focus on its expansion into Central Asia.

What are some unique geographical features of this country?

Russia has a diverse landscape that includes forests, tundra, mountains, rivers and lakes. Some notable geographical features include:

Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and holds about one-fifth of all freshwater on Earth. It is located in Siberia and is home to many unique species such as the Baikal seal.

Mt. Elbrus

Mt. Elbrus is Europe’s highest peak at 5,642 meters (18,510 feet). It is located in the Caucasus Mountains in southern Russia and attracts many climbers each year.

The Trans-Siberian Railway

The Trans-Siberian Railway is a railway line that spans over 9,000 kilometers from Moscow to Vladivostok. It is one of the longest railways in the world and offers stunning views of Russia’s vast landscapes.

Who are the people that live in this country and what languages do they speak?

Russia has a diverse population with over 190 ethnic groups living within its borders. The majority of Russians are ethnic Russians who speak Russian as their first language. Other significant ethnic groups include Tatars, Ukrainians, Bashkirs and Chuvash.


The majority of Russians practice Russian Orthodoxy, but there are also significant Muslim, Buddhist and Jewish populations.


Russian is the official language of Russia, but there are also many minority languages spoken such as Tatar, Bashkir and Yakut. English is becoming more widely spoken in major cities due to increased tourism and globalization.

What are some famous landmarks or tourist attractions within this country?

Russia is home to many famous landmarks and tourist attractions that draw millions of visitors each year. Some notable ones include:

The Kremlin

The Kremlin is a fortified complex in Moscow that serves as the official residence of the President of Russia. It includes several palaces, churches and museums that showcase Russia’s history and culture.

The Hermitage Museum

The Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg is one of the largest art museums in the world with over three million exhibits. It features works by famous artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Rembrandt and Michelangelo.

St. Basil’s Cathedral

St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow is an iconic symbol of Russia with its colorful onion domes and unique architecture. It was built in the 16th century on orders from Ivan IV (the Terrible) to commemorate his military victories.

How has this country’s size affected its political and economic standing on a global scale?

Russia’s size has allowed it to become a major player on the global stage both politically and economically. Its vast natural resources have made it an important exporter of oil, gas and minerals which has helped boost its economy. However, its sheer size can also pose challenges for governance as it can be difficult to manage such a large territory with diverse ethnic groups.

Political Influence

Russia’s size and military power have given it significant political influence in international affairs. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and has been involved in many conflicts such as the Syrian Civil War.

Economic Power

Russia’s economy is one of the largest in the world, ranking 11th in terms of GDP. Its vast natural resources have helped it become a major exporter of oil, gas and minerals which account for a large portion of its GDP. However, its economy has been impacted by economic sanctions imposed by Western countries due to its annexation of Crimea and involvement in the Ukrainian conflict.

In conclusion, Russia is the biggest country in the world with a total land area of 17.1 million square kilometers.

Russia is the largest country in the world, spanning across two continents and with a population of over 144 million people. Its history dates back to ancient times when Slavic tribes settled in Eastern Europe, and it has since expanded through conquests and colonization. The country’s mixed economy includes state-owned enterprises and privately owned businesses, with natural resources such as oil, gas, and minerals making up a significant portion of its GDP. Russia’s vast size can be attributed to its history of expansionism.

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