Discover the Tiniest Nation on Earth: Exploring the Fascinating Wonders of the World’s Smallest Country

The smallest country in the world is a fascinating topic that has intrigued many people. With its tiny size and unique features, this country stands out as a remarkable achievement in human history. In this article, we will explore the characteristics of this small nation and what makes it so special.

Discovering the Smallest Country in the World


The world is full of surprises, and one of these is the existence of a tiny country located in Europe. This small country has captured the attention of many tourists and travelers who are curious to explore its rich history, culture, and attractions. The smallest country on earth is none other than Vatican City.


Vatican City is located within Rome, Italy, and covers an area of 44 hectares (110 acres). It is surrounded by high walls that separate it from the rest of Rome. Despite being situated within Italy’s borders, Vatican City operates as an independent city-state with its own government, laws, and currency.


The history of Vatican City dates back to the early days of Christianity when Saint Peter was crucified in Rome during Emperor Nero’s reign. Saint Peter was buried near the site where St. Peter’s Basilica now stands. In 313 AD, Emperor Constantine legalized Christianity and granted permission for Christians to build churches in Rome. Over time, more churches were built around St. Peter’s tomb until it became a pilgrimage site for Christians.

In 1929, after years of negotiations between Pope Pius XI and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, Vatican City was established as an independent state under the Lateran Treaty. This treaty recognized Vatican City as a sovereign nation with its own government and laws.

The Establishment and Founders of the World’s Tiniest Nation


Vatican City was founded by Pope Pius XI on February 11th, 1929 through the signing of the Lateran Treaty with Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. The treaty recognized Vatican City as an independent state with its own government and laws.

Mission and Purpose

The mission of Vatican City is to serve as the spiritual center of the Catholic Church and to promote peace, justice, and social development worldwide. The purpose of its establishment was to give the Pope a place where he could exercise his religious authority without interference from secular governments.


The Pope is the head of state and government in Vatican City. He exercises supreme legislative, executive, and judicial power over the state. The Pope is elected by the College of Cardinals who are appointed by him.

Exploring the Total Area and Population of the Smallest Country on Earth


Vatican City covers an area of 44 hectares (110 acres), making it the smallest country in the world. Despite its small size, Vatican City has many landmarks and attractions that draw millions of tourists every year.


As of 2021, Vatican City has a population of approximately 800 people. Most of these people are members of the clergy or work for the Holy See. Due to its small size, Vatican City does not have any permanent residents who are not affiliated with the Catholic Church.

Languages Spoken

The official language spoken in Vatican City is Italian. However, Latin is also recognized as an official language due to its historical significance in Catholicism.

Top Landmarks and Attractions to Visit in the World’s Smallest Country

Sistine Chapel

The Sistine Chapel is one of Vatican City’s most famous landmarks. It is known for its stunning ceiling painted by Michelangelo between 1508-1512. The chapel also contains frescoes by other famous Renaissance artists such as Botticelli and Perugino.

St. Peter’s Basilica

St. Peter’s Basilica is one of the largest churches in the world and a major landmark in Vatican City. It was designed by famous architects such as Michelangelo, Bramante, and Bernini. The church contains many works of art, including Michelangelo’s Pieta sculpture.

Vatican Museums

The Vatican Museums are a collection of museums located within Vatican City. They contain some of the most significant works of art and artifacts in the world, including ancient Roman sculptures and Renaissance paintings.

The Government and Economy of the World’s Tiniest Nation Unveiled


Vatican City is an absolute monarchy with the Pope serving as both head of state and head of government. The Pope exercises supreme legislative, executive, and judicial power over the state. The Pope is elected by the College of Cardinals who are appointed by him.


Vatican City has a unique economic system that relies heavily on donations from Catholics worldwide. The Holy See operates various media outlets, including newspapers, radio stations, and television networks that generate revenue for the state. Additionally, Vatican City operates its own post office and sells souvenirs to tourists visiting its landmarks and attractions.


The official currency used in Vatican City is the Euro. However, Vatican City also mints its own coins that are highly sought after by collectors around the world.

In conclusion, the smallest country in the world is Vatican City, with an area of only 0.17 square miles and a population of approximately 800 people.


What is the 2 smallest country in the world?

Monaco is one of the smallest countries in terms of area, ranked second after the Vatican with an area of only 2.0 km². Other small countries include Gibraltar and Tokelau, which have areas of 6.8 km² and 12.2 km² respectively.

What is technically the smallest country?

Vatican City, which measures only 0.2 square miles, is the world’s smallest country in terms of land size. This makes it almost 120 times smaller than Manhattan Island.

What is the smallest country in America?

El Salvador, the smallest country in mainland America, is known as Pulgarcito de America or the “Tom Thumb of the Americas”.

What is the 197 country?

Kosovo is the only other non-UN member that can be considered a sovereign state. Therefore, the total number of countries or sovereign states would be 197, including 193 UN members, two observers, Taiwan, and Kosovo.

What are the 5 tiny countries?

The Vatican, followed by Monaco, San Marino, Liechtenstein, and Andorra, are the top five smallest countries. Luxembourg is slightly larger but still small enough to contain all five of these microstates within its borders.

What is the 100th smallest country?

This list ranks the 100 smallest countries in the world by their total land area in square kilometers or square miles. Malawi is ranked 97th with a land area of 118,484 km2 (45,747 mi2), followed by North Korea with 120,540 km2 (46,540 mi2), Nicaragua with 130,373 km2 (50,337 mi2), and Greece with 131,957 km2 (50,949 mi2).

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